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18th Edition (August 5, 2011)
|Diagnostic Criteria for Autistic Disorder|
|Written by G. Firman MD|
|Tuesday, 13 December 2011 05:16|
The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) provides standardized criteria to help diagnose Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs).
Diagnostic Criteria for Autistic Disorder
A. Six or more items from (1), (2), and (3), with at least two from (1), and one each from (2) and (3):
1. qualitative impairment in social interaction, as manifested by at least two of the following:
a. marked impairment in the use of multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye gaze, facial expression, body postures, and gestures to regulate social interaction
2. qualitative impairments in communication as manifested by at least one of the following:
a. delay in, or total lack of, the development of spoken language (not accompanied by an attempt to compensate through alternative modes of communication such as gesture or mime)
3. restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities, as manifested by at least one of the following:
B. Delays or abnormal functioning in at least one of the following areas, with onset prior to age 3 years: (1) social interaction, (2) language as used in social communication, or (3) symbolic or imaginative play.a. encompassing preoccupation with one or more stereotyped and restricted patterns of interest that is abnormal either in intensity or focus
C. The disturbance is not better accounted for by Rett’s Disorder or Childhood Disintegrative Disorder.
This material was taken from the DSM-IV-TR. It is intended for educational purposes only.
Created Dec 14, 2011.
|Last Updated on Thursday, 15 December 2011 07:59|
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