Helicobacter pylori Infection in Peptic Ulcer Disease

Endoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosis of peptic ulcer disease. Apart from  exclusion of malignant disease, detection of H pylori infection with histology or rapid urease tests is essential to the subsequent treatment plan.  Continue reading

Recommendations for Management of Hypertension (JNC 8)

Hypertension is the most common condition seen in primary care and leads to myocardial infarction, stroke, renal failure, and death if not detected early and treated appropriately. Patients want to be assured that blood pressure (BP) treatment will reduce their disease burden, while clinicians want guidance on hypertension management using the best scientific evidence. Continue reading

2018 ESC/ESH Classification of Arterial Hypertension

The relationship between BP and cardiovascular (CV) and renal events is continuous, making the distinction between normotension and hypertension, based on cut-off BP values, somewhat arbitrary. However, in practice, cut-off BP values are used for pragmatic reasons to simplify the diagnosis and decisions about treatment. Continue reading

Nutrition Information for Cooked Seafood

Fish and other types of seafood are an important source of protein worldwide. Fish and seafood also are sources of other important nutrients, including the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) eicosapentaenoic acid/docosahexaenoic acid (EPA/DHA), which are associated with reduced heart disease risk.
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Nutrition Facts for Raw Fruits

Fruits and vegetables are low in fat, salt and sugar. They are a good source of dietary fibre. As part of a well-balanced, regular diet and a healthy, active lifestyle, a high intake of fruit and vegetables can help you to:

  • Reduce obesity and maintain a healthy weight
  • Lower your cholesterol
  • Lower your blood pressure. Continue reading

Nutrition Information for Raw Vegetables

Fresh vegetables are naturally low in fat, salt and sugar, making them an excellent food choice.
Vegetables provide energy, vitamins, minerals and fibre and there is growing evidence of additional health benefits from a range of phytonutrients. Continue reading

Diagnostic Criteria of Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH)

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a frequently fatal and likely underdiagnosed disease involving a final common pathway of hypercytokinemia, which can result in end-organ damage and death.
Although an early diagnosis is crucial to decrease mortality, the definitive diagnosis is often challenging because of the lack of specificity of currently accepted diagnostic criteria and the absence of confirmatory gold standards. Continue reading

Diagnostic Criteria of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH)

The diagnosis of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) is based on histological and immunophenotypic examination of lesional tissue. The main feature is the morphologic identification of the characteristic LCH cells. Additionally, positive staining of the lesional cells with CD1a and/or Langerin (CD207) is required for definitive diagnosis. Continue reading