The Apgar score provides an accepted and convenient method for reporting the status of the newborn infant immediately after birth and the response to resuscitation if needed. Continue reading
Retinopathy of prematurity is a vision-threatening disease associated with abnormal retinal vascular development that occurs only in premature infants.
In unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia, the ultimate goal is the prevention of kernicterus and its potentially devastating effects.
Phototherapy represented an important advance inthe treatment of jaundice, enabling the effective and relatively rapid reduction of high bilirubin levels and facilitating the prevention of kernicterus.
Exchange transfusion is the only alternative to phototherapy for controlling hyperbilirubinaemia.
The Rochester criteria were developed to identify febrile infants aged 60 days or younger at low-risk of bacterial infection and do not include cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing.
Criteria for Chronic Respiratory Failure due to Cardiopulmonary Disorders in Infants and Children
Decreased inspiratory breath sounds
Increased retractions, use of accessory muscles
Cyanosis breathing room air
Decreased level of normal activity/function
Poor weight gain (mass) (IMPORTANT)
One or more typical phenotypic features of CF:
Chronic sinopulmonary disease
Characteristic gastrointestinal and nutritional abnormalities
Salt loss syndromes
- Born at term (gestational age >/= 37 weeks)with uncomplicated nursery stay
- Previously healthy infants
- Notoxic manifestations
- No focal bacterial infection (except otitis media) Continue reading
Necrotizing enterocolitis is among the most common and devastating diseases in neonates. The excessive inflammatory process initiated in the highly immunoreactive intestine in necrotizing enterocolitis extends the effects of the disease systemically, affecting distant organs such as the brain and placing affected infants at substantially increased risk for neurodevelopmental delays.
Male or female patient with reduced numbers of CD3+ T cells (less than 500/mm3) and two of the three following characteristics:
Under 1 month old
- Group B streptococcus
- Escherichia coli (and other enteric Gram negative bacilli)
- Listeria monocytogenes
- Streptococcus pneumoniae
- Haemophilus influenzae
- Staphylococcus aureus
- Neisseria meningitides
- Salmonella spp Continue reading