Causes of Bacteraemia and Meningitis in Young Children

Under 1 month old

  • Group B streptococcus
  • Escherichia coli (and other enteric Gram negative bacilli)
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Haemophilus influenzae
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Neisseria meningitides
  • Salmonella spp

1-3 months old

  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Group B streptococcus
  • Neisseria meningitides
  • Salmonella spp
  • Haemophilus influenzae
  • Listeria monocytogenes

Over 3 months old

  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Haemophilus influenzae
  • Neisseria meningitides
  • Salmonella spp

 

 

References:

  1. Brook I. Unexplained fever in young children: how to manage severe bacterial infection. BMJ. 2003 Nov 8;327(7423):1094-7. [Medline]

Created: July 21, 2005

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