Reversible Causes of Cardiac Arrest

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an essential link in the chain of survival for treating cardiac arrest.

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Indications and Contraindications for Targeted Temperature Management in Comatose Patients after Cardiac Arrest

Targeted temperature management should be implemented in the context of a broader strategy of critical care for a comatose patient with the post-cardiac arrest syndrome.

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NYHA Functional Classification for Congestive Heart Failure

The New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Classification provides a simple way of classifying heart disease (originally cardiac failure), useful for preoperative assessment. It places patients in one of four categories, based on how much they are limited during physical activity:

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Framingham Criteria for Congestive Heart Failure

Diagnosis of CHF requires the simultaneous presence of at least 2 major criteria or 1 major criterion in conjunction with 2 minor criteria.

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Boston Criteria for Diagnosing Heart Failure

The Boston criteria uses the information from history, physical examination, and chest radiography to categorize the diagnosis of heart failure.

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Diagnostic Criteria for Diastolic Heart Failure

Diastolic heart failure is defined as a condition caused by increased resistance to the filling of one or both ventricles; this leads to symptoms of congestion from the inappropriate upward shift of the diastolic pressure-volume relation.

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