Reversible Causes of Cardiac Arrest

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an essential link in the chain of survival for treating cardiac arrest.

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Causes of Syncope

Cardiac causes

    • Structural cardiac or cardiopulmonary disease (aortic stenosis, mitral stenosis, pulmonary stenosis, left atrial myxoma, aortic dissection, acute myocardial infarction, cardiac tamponade, pulmonary embolism, obstructive cardiomyopathy)

    • Cardiac arrhythmias (tachyarrhythmias, bradyarrhythmias)

    • Neurally mediated syncopal syndrome (includes neurocardiogenic or vasovagal syncope, carotid sinus syncope, and situational syncope)

    • Orthostatic (or postural) hypotension

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Causes of Bacteraemia and Meningitis in Young Children

Under 1 month old

  • Group B streptococcus
  • Escherichia coli (and other enteric Gram negative bacilli)
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Haemophilus influenzae
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Neisseria meningitides
  • Salmonella spp Continue reading

Definition and Causes of Apparent Life-Threatening Events (ALTE)

Definition of ALTE

By definition, an ALTE refers to a sudden event, often characterized by apnea or other abrupt changes in the child’s behavior. Symptoms of an ALTE include one or more of the following: apnea, change in color or muscle tone, coughing, or gagging.

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