Laboratory Findings in Various Platelet and Coagulation Disorders

A peripheral-blood smear is a vital investigation tool in most cases to confirm a low platelet count and the presence or absence of other diagnostic features, such as red-cell fragmentation, platelet morphologic abnormalities, or evidence of dysplasia or hematinic deficiency.

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Criteria for the Diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

Borderline personality disorder is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by marked impulsivity, instability of mood and interpersonal relationships, and suicidal behaviour that can complicate medical care. Identifying this diagnosis is important for treatment planning.

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ROME II Diagnostic Criteria for Childhood Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders

The diagnosis of a Childhood Functional Gastrointestinal Disorder always presumes the absence of a structural or biochemical explanation for the symptoms.

G1.Vomiting

G1a. Infant Regurgitation Continue reading

ROME II Diagnostic Criteria for Functional Disorders of the Biliary Tract and the Pancreas

The diagnosis of a Functional Disorder of the Biliary Tract and Pancreas always pre-sumes the absence of a structural or biochemical explanation for the symptoms.

E1. Gallbladder Dysfunction

Episodes of severe steady pain located in the epigastrium and right upper quadrant, and all of the following:

  1. Symptom episodes last 30 minutes or more, with pain-free intervals;
  2. Symptoms have occurred on one or more occasions in the previous 12 months;
  3. The pain is steady and interrupts daily activities or requires consultation with a physician;
  4. There is no evidence of structural abnormalities to explain the symptoms; and
  5. There is abnormal gallbladder functioning with regard to emptying. Continue reading

ROME II Diagnostic Criteria for Functional Disorders of the Anus and Rectum

The diagnosis of a Functional Disorder of the Anus and Rectum always presumes the absence of a structural or biochemical explanation for the symptoms.

F1. Functional Fecal Incontinence

Recurrent uncontrolled passage of fecal material for at least one month, in an individual with a developmental age of at least 4 years, associated with:

  1. Fecal impaction; or
  2. Diarrhea; or
  3. Nonstructural anal sphincter dysfunction.

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