DSM-V Diagnostic Criteria for Insomnia

The American Academy of Sleep Medicine defines insomnia as the subjective perception of difficulty with sleep initiation, duration, consolidation, or quality that occurs despite adequate opportunity for sleep, and that results in some form of daytime impairment.

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Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS)

Instructions: This scale is intended to record your own assessment of any sleep difficulty you might have experienced. Please, check (by circling the appropriate number) the items below to indicate your estimate of any difficulty, provided that it occurred at least three times per week during the last month.

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ICSD Revised Classification of Adult Insomnia

Primary Insomnia

  • Idiopathic insomnia: Insomnia arising in infancy or childhood with a persistent, unremitting course
  • Psychophysiologic insomnia: Insomnia due to a maladaptive conditioned response in which the patient  learns to associate the bed environment with heightened arousal rather than sleep; onset often associated with an event causing acute insomnia, with the sleep disturbance persisting despite resolution of the precipitating factor
  • Paradoxical insomnia (sleep-state misperception): Insomnia characterized by a marked mismatch between the patients description of sleep duration and objective polysomnographic findings Continue reading