Diagnosis of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis (SBP)

Indications for diagnostic paracentesis.

  • Cirrhotic patients with ascites at admission
  • Cirrhotic patients with ascites and signs or symptoms of infection: fever, leukocytosis, abdominal pain
  • Cirrhotic patients with ascites who present with a clinical condition that is deteriorating during hospitalization: renal function impairment, hepatic encephalopathy, gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Patients with new-onset ascites

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