Causes of Syncope

Cardiac causes

    • Structural cardiac or cardiopulmonary disease (aortic stenosis, mitral stenosis, pulmonary stenosis, left atrial myxoma, aortic dissection, acute myocardial infarction, cardiac tamponade, pulmonary embolism, obstructive cardiomyopathy)

    • Cardiac arrhythmias (tachyarrhythmias, bradyarrhythmias)

    • Neurally mediated syncopal syndrome (includes neurocardiogenic or vasovagal syncope, carotid sinus syncope, and situational syncope)

    • Orthostatic (or postural) hypotension

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