Osteoporosis is defined as a metabolic bone disease “characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bony tissue leading to enhanced bone fragility and a consequent increase in fracture risk.
Wagner Classification of Diabetic Foot Ulcers
Grade 0: No ulcer in a high risk foot.
Grade 1: Superficial ulcer involving the full skin thickness but not underlying tissues.
Grade 2: Deep ulcer, penetrating down to ligaments and muscle, but no bone involvement or abscess formation.
Grade 3: Deep ulcer with cellulitis or abscess formation, often with osteomyelitis.
Grade 4: Localized gangrene.
Grade 5: Extensive gangrene involving the whole foot.
Indications for arthroscopic examination in the knee include the following: