The Forrest classification is a widely used classification of ulcer-related upper gastrointestinal bleeding. It was initially developed to unify the description of ulcer bleeding for better communication amongst endoscopists. However, the Forrest Classification is now used as a tool to identify patients who are at an increased risk for bleeding, rebleeding and mortality. Continue reading
Wagner Classification of Diabetic Foot Ulcers
Grade 0: No ulcer in a high risk foot.
Grade 1: Superficial ulcer involving the full skin thickness but not underlying tissues.
Grade 2: Deep ulcer, penetrating down to ligaments and muscle, but no bone involvement or abscess formation.
Grade 3: Deep ulcer with cellulitis or abscess formation, often with osteomyelitis.
Grade 4: Localized gangrene.
Grade 5: Extensive gangrene involving the whole foot.