Unifying Concepts

Cardiovascular Major Risk Factors

Cardiovascular Major Risk Factors

  • Hypertension
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Obesity (BMI >/=30): indicates body mass index calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters
  • Physical inactivity
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Microalbuminuria or estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <60 mL/min
  • Age (>55 years for men, >65 years for women)
  • Family history of premature cardiovascular disease (men <55 years or women <65 years)



  1. Chobaniam AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, Cushman WC, Green LA, Izzo JL, Jones DW, Materson BJ, Oparil S, Wright JT, Roccella EJ, and the National High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee. The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. The JNC 7 Report. JAMA 2003;289:2560-2572 [Medline]


Created: Apr 29, 2005

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