Diagnostic Criteria for Burnout Syndrome (BOS)

The burnout syndrome is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment in individuals professionally involved with others.

Burn-out is a syndrome conceptualized as resulting from chronic workplace stress that has not been successfully managed. It is characterized by three dimensions:

  • feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion;
  • increased mental distance from one’s job, or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to one’s job; and
  • reduced professional efficacy.

Burn-out refers specifically to phenomena in the occupational context and should not be applied to describe experiences in other areas of life.

 

References:

  1. Mealer M, Moss M, Good V, Gozal D, Kleinpell R, Sessler C. What is Burnout Syndrome (BOS)?. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016;194(1):P1–P2. [Medline]
  2. Suleiman-Martos N, Albendín-García L, Gómez-Urquiza JL, et al. Prevalence and Predictors of Burnout in Midwives: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(2):E641. Published 2020 Jan 19. [Medline]

Created Mar 04, 2020