Diabetes is a heterogeneous, complex metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose concentrations secondary to either resistance to the action of insulin, insufficient insulin secretion, or both. The most common classifications include Type 1 diabetes mellitus, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes and other specific types. Continue reading “Classification of Diabetes Mellitus”
Los objetivos de la terapia dietética son similares en los diferentes tipos de Diabetes pero las estrategias para alcanzar estos objetivos difieren un poco. Se busca: Continue reading “Alimentación en Diabetes Mellitus”
Screening for gestational diabetes mellitus
- 50-g oral glucose load, administered between the 24th and 28th weeks, without regard to time of day or time of last meal. Universal blood glucose screening is indicated for patients who are of Hispanic, African, Native American, South or East Asian, Pacific Island, or Indigenous Australian ancestry. Other patients who have no known diabetes in first-degree relatives, are under 25 years of age, have normal weight before pregnancy, and have no history of abnormal glucose metabolism or poor obstetric outcome do not require routine screening.
- Venous plasma glucose measure 1 hour later.
- Value of 130 mg/dL (7.2 mmol/L) or above in venous plasma indicates the need for a full diagnostic glucose tolerance test. Continue reading “Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)”
Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. The chronic hyperglycemia of diabetes is associated with long-term damage, dysfunction, and failure of different organs, especially the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, and blood vessels. Continue reading “Criteria for the Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus”