Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an essential link in the chain of survival for treating cardiac arrest.
Structural cardiac or cardiopulmonary disease (aortic stenosis, mitral stenosis, pulmonary stenosis, left atrial myxoma, aortic dissection, acute myocardial infarction, cardiac tamponade, pulmonary embolism, obstructive cardiomyopathy)
Cardiac arrhythmias (tachyarrhythmias, bradyarrhythmias)
Neurally mediated syncopal syndrome (includes neurocardiogenic or vasovagal syncope, carotid sinus syncope, and situational syncope)
Orthostatic (or postural) hypotension
Under 1 month old
- Group B streptococcus
- Escherichia coli (and other enteric Gram negative bacilli)
- Listeria monocytogenes
- Streptococcus pneumoniae
- Haemophilus influenzae
- Staphylococcus aureus
- Neisseria meningitides
- Salmonella spp Continue reading
Definition of ALTE
By definition, an ALTE refers to a sudden event, often characterized by apnea or other abrupt changes in the child’s behavior. Symptoms of an ALTE include one or more of the following: apnea, change in color or muscle tone, coughing, or gagging.