The diagnostic criteria of smartphone addiction demonstrated the core symptoms “impaired control” paralleled with substance related and addictive disorders. The functional impairment involved multiple domains provide a strict standard for clinical assessment. Continue reading
The death of a loved one is one of life’s greatest, universal stressors to which most bereaved individuals successfully adapt without clinical intervention. For a minority of bereaved individuals, grief is complicated by superimposed problems and healing does not occur. The resulting syndrome of complicated grief causes substantial distress and functional impairment even years after a loss, yet knowing when and how to intervene can be a challenge.
Definite diagnosis of CD
History and clinical presentation compatible with CD
- Serological screening compatible with CD: antigliadin antibody (AGA) antiendomysium antibody (AEA), tissue transglutaminase (tTG) antibody.
- Histological findings compatible with CD: villous atrophy
- Obvious clinical and serological response to a gluten free diet (GFD)
- Subject >2 years old
- Rule out other clinical conditions mimicking CD Continue reading