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Diagnostic Criteria for Cholangitis

Acute cholangitis, also referred to as ascending cholangitis, is an infection of the biliary tree characterized by fever, jaundice, and abdominal pain, which in most cases is the consequence of biliary obstruction. Diagnosis is commonly made by the presence of clinical features, laboratory tests, and imaging studies. Continue reading “Diagnostic Criteria for Cholangitis”

Indications and Contraindications for Abdominal Paracentesis

Removal of abdominal fluid is of value in evaluating patients with ascites of new onset or unknown etiology, and provides symptomatic relief in patients with known disease or in the setting of a decompensating clinical state. Abdominal paracentesis is a simple procedure that may be performed rapidly and with a minimum of equipment.

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ROME II Diagnostic Criteria for Functional Disorders of the Anus and Rectum

The diagnosis of a Functional Disorder of the Anus and Rectum always presumes the absence of a structural or biochemical explanation for the symptoms.

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Diagnosis of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis (SBP)

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a frequent complication in cirrhotic patients with ascites. Diagnosis of SBP is established by a polymorphonuclear cell count in ascitic fluid > or =250 cells/mm(3). Continue reading “Diagnosis of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis (SBP)”

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