The people are considered fully vaccinated for COVID-19 ≥2 weeks after they have received the second dose in a 2-dose series (Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna), or ≥2 weeks after they have received a single-dose vaccine (Johnson and Johnson (J&J)/Janssen). Continue reading “Recommendations for Fully Vaccinated People with SARS-CoV-2 Vaccines”
Tradicionalmente se enseña en las escuelas de medicina que en personas saludables, las necesidades nutricionales son fácilmente suplidas por la dieta en forma completa. Sin embargo, recientes evidencias indican que el uso de suplementos de ácido fólico al comienzo del embarazo puede reducir la incidencia de defectos del tubo neural, ya que la ingesta de vitaminas puede ser sub-óptima sin haber signos clínicos de deficiencia. Continue reading “Vitaminas: Requerimientos Diarios y Recomendaciones”
Hypertension is the most common condition seen in primary care and leads to myocardial infarction, stroke, renal failure, and death if not detected early and treated appropriately. Patients want to be assured that blood pressure (BP) treatment will reduce their disease burden, while clinicians want guidance on hypertension management using the best scientific evidence. Continue reading “Recommendations for Management of Hypertension (JNC 8)”
Hypoglycemia is the major limiting factor in the glycemic management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Recommendations from the International Hypoglycaemia Study Group regarding the classification of hypoglycemia considers a blood glucose <54 mg/dL (3.0 mmol/L) detected by self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG), continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) (for at least 20 min), or laboratory measurement of plasma glucose as sufficiently low to indicate serious, clinically significant hypoglycemia that should be included in reports of clinical trials of glucose-lowering drugs for the treatment of diabetes. However, a glucose alert value of </=70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L) can be important for therapeutic dose adjustment of glucose-lowering drugs in clinical care and is often related to symptomatic hypoglycemia. Severe hypoglycemia is defined as severe cognitive impairment requiring assistance from another person for recovery.
Continue reading “Classification of Hypoglycemia”
Although the use of resuscitation fluids is one of the most common interventions in medicine, no currently available resuscitation fluid can be considered to be ideal. In light of recent high quality evidence, a reappraisal of how resuscitation fluids are used in acutely ill patients is now required. The selection, timing, and doses of intravenous fluids should be evaluated as carefully as they are in the case of any other intravenous drug, with the aim of maximizing efficacy and minimizing iatrogenic toxicity.
Continue reading “Recommendations for Fluid Resuscitation in Acutely Ill Patients”
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) recommend diabetes screening beginning at 45 years of age; the ADA advises earlier screening in patients with risk factors.
Continue reading “American Diabetes Association Recommendations for the Screening of Asymptomatic Persons for Diabetes”
Intracranial endovascular cerebrovascular interventions treat cerebrovascular diseases by use of minimally invasive intravascular techniques.
Continue reading “Indications and Recommendations for Intracranial Endovascular Neurointerventional Procedures”
In addition to the prediction of cardiovascular risk, ambulatory blood-pressure monitoring, when used in conjunction with clinic blood-pressure assessments, is of potential value in a variety of other clinical conditions. Some of these conditions are:
Continue reading “Recommendations for the Use of Ambulatory Blood-Pressure Monitoring”
- Initiating treatment with methotrexate or Arava (leflunomide) was recommended for most rheumatoid arthritis patients.
- Methotrexate plus Plaquenil (hydroxychloroquine) was recommended for rheumatoid arthritis patients with moderate to high disease activity.
Continue reading “The 2008 ACR Recommendations for Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatments”