Indications for Therapy and for Neurosurgery in Patients with Prolactinomas

In contrast to macroadenomas, for which therapy is routinely indicated, microadenomas do not always require treatment. For patients with microadenomas who do not have these indications, symptoms and prolactin levels can be monitored, and MRI can be used to follow the size of the tumor.

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Clinical Manifestations of Thyroiditis Subtypes

Thyroiditis refers to a group of inflammatory diseases affecting the thyroid gland. With the help of historical information, a physical examination and diagnostic tests, physicians can classify the type of thyroiditis and initiate appropriate treatment.

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Diagnostic Criteria for Thyroid Storm

Burch and Wartofsky have delineated a point system assessing degrees of dysfunction in various systems (thermoregulatory, central nervous, gastrointestinal, and cardiovascular).

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Criteria for Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion (SIADH)

Criteria for Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion (SIADH)

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Diagnostic Criteria for Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is defined as a metabolic bone disease “characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bony tissue leading to enhanced bone fragility and a consequent increase in fracture risk.

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Diagnosis of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes

MEN1, MEN2, and MEN4 comprise a series of familial disorders involving the simultaneous occurrence of tumors in more than one endocrine organ, collectively known as multiple endocrine neoplasia. Patients with this family of disorders develop tumors of the parathyroid gland, pancreas, pituitary gland, adrenal gland, and thyroid gland, along with miscellaneous neuroendocrine tumors of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. Continue reading

ATP III Classification of LDL, Total, HDL Cholesterol and Triglycerides

ATP III Classification of LDL, Total, HDL Cholesterol and Triglycerides (mg/dL)

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