Acute upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is common and potentially life-threatening and needs a prompt assessment and aggressive medical management. All patients need to undergo endoscopy to diagnose, assess, and possibly treat any underlying lesion.
Continue reading “Criteria for Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage”
The Glasgow Blatchford Score (GBS) is a pre-endoscopic risk assessment tool for patients presenting with upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage (UGIH). It can predict need for intervention or death and identifies low risk patients suitable for out-patient management.
Continue reading “The Glasgow-Blatchford Bleeding Score (GBS) for Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding”
Acute radiation sickness can be categorized into three phases: prodrome, latency, and illness. The Table, summarizes the constellation of hematologic, gastrointestinal, and neurologic symptoms, along with the time to onset and dose dependence, associated with each of these phases.
Continue reading “Signs and Symptoms of Acute Radiation Sickness”
Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a brief but intense attack of inflammation (swelling) in the brain and spinal cord and occasionally the optic nerves that damages the brain’s myelin (the white coating of nerve fibers).
Continue reading “Diagnostic Criteria of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)”
RIFLE, a newly developed international consensus classification for acute kidney injury, defines three grades of severity
Continue reading “RIFLE Criteria for Acute Renal Dysfunction”
Clinical suspicion of streptococcal pharyngitis (e.g., fever, tonsillar swelling, exudate, enlarged/tender anterior cervical lymph nodes, absence of cough or coryza) with
- History of rheumatic fever or
- Documented household exposure or
- Positive rapid strep screen
Continue reading “Diagnostic Criteria for Acute Pharyngitis”
Diagnostic criteria include the following: