The SOFA score at admission is useful for predicting outcomes in the Paediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs) and is more accurate than SIRS for definition of paediatric sepsis.
Continue reading “Pediatric Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (pSOFA) Score”
Recently developed consensus functional definitions on the basis of specific changes in the serum creatinine concentration and urine volume now complement anatomical approaches to diagnosis.
Continue reading “Classifications of Acute Kidney Injury and Chronic Kidney Disease”
The SOFA system was created in a consensus meeting of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine in 1994 and further revised in 1996. The SOFA is a six-organ dysfunction/failure score measuring multiple organ failure daily. Each organ is graded from 0 (normal) to 4 (the most abnormal), providing a daily score of 0 to 24 points. The objective in the development of the SOFA was to create a simple, reliable, and continuous score easily obtained in every institution.
Continue reading “The Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) Score”
Indications of dialysis in acute renal failure (ARF)
- Severe fluid overload
- Refractory hypertension
- Uncontrollable hyperkalemia
- Nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, gastritis with hemorrhage
- Lethargy, malaise, somnolence, stupor, coma, delirium, asterixis, tremor, seizures,
- Pericarditis (risk of hemorrhage or tamponade)
- bleeding diathesis (epistaxis, gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, etc.)
- Severe metabolic acidosis
- Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) > 70 – 100 mg/dl Continue reading “Indications of Dialysis in Renal Failure”
Guidelines for urinary indices whereby established Acute Renal Failure (ARF) can be distinguished from renal vasoconstriction with intact tubular function (prerenal azotemia).
Continue reading “Guidelines for Urinary Indices in Acute Renal Failure (ARF)”
Criteria for Chronic Respiratory Failure due to Cardiopulmonary Disorders in Infants and Children
- Decreased inspiratory breath sounds
- Increased retractions, use of accessory muscles
- Cyanosis breathing room air
- Decreased level of normal activity/function
- Poor weight gain (mass) (IMPORTANT)
Continue reading “Criteria for Chronic Respiratory Failure in Infants and Children”
Multiple systems organ failure is said present when more than one of the system dysfunctions detected by test values exceeding the threshold values.
Continue reading “Knaus Criteria for Multiple System Organ Failure (MSOF)”
In acetaminophen-induced fulminant hepatic failure, survival correlated with arterial blood pH, peak prothrombin time, and serum creatinine–a pH less than 7.30, prothrombin time greater than 100 s, and creatinine greater than 300 mumol/L indicating a poor prognosis. Continue reading “King´s College Hospital Criteria for Liver Transplantation in Fulminant Hepatic Failure”
Diagnosis of CHF requires the simultaneous presence of at least 2 major criteria or 1 major criterion in conjunction with 2 minor criteria.
Continue reading “Framingham Criteria for Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)”