The diagnosis of a Functional Disorder of the Biliary Tract and Pancreas always presumes the absence of a structural or biochemical explanation for the symptoms.
Indications for liver transplantation
1- Acute liver failure
- Acute hepatitis A
- Acute hepatitis B
- Drug/toxin hepatotoxicity
Arterial pH <7.3 (irrespective of the grade of encephalopathy)
Components of NAFLD Activity Score (NAS) and Fibrosis Staging
Modified Child-Pugh classification of severity of liver disease according to the degree of ascites, the plasma concentrations of bilirrubin and albumin, the prothrombin time, and the degree of encephalopathy.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in patients with end-stage liver disease and advanced cirrhosis regardless of the underlying cause. Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS), a functional form of kidney failure, is one of the many possible causes of AKI.
The hepatopulmonary syndrome is characterized as the triad of liver disease, pulmonary gas exchange abnormalities leading to arterial deoxygenation and evidence of intrapulmonary vascular dilatations.
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is characterized by inflammatory liver histology, circulating non-organ-specific autoantibodies, and increased levels of immunoglobulin (Ig) G in the absence of a known etiology.
The diagnosis of a Functional Gastroduodenal Disorder always presumes the absence of a structural or biochemical explanation for the symptoms.
The diagnosis of a Functional Esophageal Disorder always presumes the absence of a structural or biochemical explanation for the symptoms.